Taiwan Humanities Citation Index
(THCI) Certificate:  

Compilation and Translation Review
Publication Ethics

  CTR (Compilation and Translation Review) aims to publish research papers which are original and have the potential for further development. All published articles will have undergone a strict review process. CTR does not accept articles that seem to have been subject to plagiarism, redundant submission, multiple submissions, fabricated data or an improper conflict of interest. The responsibilities of authors, reviewers, editors and publishers are listed below.1:

1. Duties of authors

  • Manuscript criteria: manuscripts shall follow the format and rules of the CTR. References and sources shall be indicated clearly. Violating academic ethics is strictly prohibited.
  • Data usage and completeness: the source of the data should be clearly stated in the manuscript and all original research data should be kept.
  • Originality and plagiarism: originality of papers shall be greatly emphasized; any plagiarism, unclear references or unclear use of data will not be allowed.
  • Single submission of manuscripts: research papers shall not be submitted if their content is similar to that of another paper (or papers) already submitted.
  • Clear citations and references: citations and references must be very clear when others’ works are being referred to.
  • Clear lists of authors: anyone who made contributions to the manuscript, whether by helping to plan the study or by helping to write the article, shall be deemed co-authors. Corresponding authors shall ensure that all co-authors have agreed to submit the article, and have thoroughly checked it before submission.
  • Protecting research participants: should the research involve human participants, details shall be clearly recorded in the article and relevant rules shall be adhered to.
  • Transparency and conflicts of interest: authors shall disclose any information regarding financial support, patent applications, remuneration, or any other area where there might be a conflict of interests that could affect the research results and the interpretation of these results.
  • Data correctness: should a manuscript contain incorrect data, the author shall inform the editors and provide correct data as soon as possible.
  • If the author uses generative AI technologies in the writing process, the author should disclose the use of generative AI technologies in the manuscript, and cite sources in accordance with APA format. The author has ultimate responsibility and liability for the content of the work.

2. Duties of reviewers

  • Professional feedback: Reviewers shall provide professional feedback in order to assist in deciding whether manuscripts meet the publication criteria.
  • Efficiency: Reviewers shall complete their work promptly.
  • Confidentiality: It is not allowed to reveal relevant information about manuscripts to other institutions or people other than the editors.
  • Objectivity: The reviewing work shall be carried out fairly and objectively. Constructive comments on the manuscripts shall be provided.
  • Sources of data: Extra attention shall be paid to whether the author has made clear reference to relevant previous research. If the manuscript bears more than a little similarity to other (or previous) research, reviewers shall be responsible for reminding the editors of this point.
  • Transparency and conflicts of interest: It is prohibited for reviewers to use unpublished data they find in an article for their own advantage, without gaining prior consent from the author. Should a conflict of interests arise between reviewers and authors or institutions, the reviewers are not qualified to do their job.

3. Duties of editors

  • Double blind peer review: CTR adopts a double blind peer review policy. Editors shall keep the reviewers’ and authors’ information confidential and abide by review guidelines.
  • Final decision to publish: Based on the review results, editors reserve the right to determine whether a manuscript meets the publication criteria.
  • Impartiality: Reviews shall be conducted fairly and objectively using clear and consistent criteria.
  • Confidentiality: During the review process, members of the Editorial Board shall not reveal the identity of reviewers or any other relevant information to authors. It is also not allowed to reveal information about the authors to reviewers.
  • Transparency and conflicts of interest:
    • 1) Editors shall not use unpublished data they find in submitted articles for any purpose without the prior consent of authors.
    • 2) The reviewers' suggestions should not be diverted to private use.
    • 3) Should a conflict of interests arise between an editor and an author, or an editor and an institution, the editor should avoid any editorial discussion.
  • Investigation cooperation: Should a case of violation of publication ethics occur, editors shall cooperate to the fullest extent possible in any investigation.

4. Duties of publishers

  • Publishers must ensure that any advertising or other business-related media will not affect editorial decisions.
  • Publishers shall follow the guidelines of COPE (Committee on Publication Ethics) to ensure that there is no violation of publication ethics or other forms of misconduct.

  • 1. CTR Publication Ethics are regulated based on Elsevier (https://www., ( and COPE (

國家教育研究院 發行   106011臺北市大安區和平東路一段179號
Published by the National Academy for Educational Research

ISSN  2071-4858 (Print)
2071-4866 (Online)

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